Traditionally there are three main types of organisational markets in which business primarily trade with businesses: industrial, reseller and government. These markets cover hundreds of specialist markets which can be reviewed using Standard Industry Codes (SIC). Analysis of the main organisational markets reveals variations in company size, trading requirements, investments and trading potential. The three main types are described below.
Generally comprise organisations which are heavy dependent on raw materials and actually producing tangible goods e.g. agriculture and hunting and forestry, fishing, heavy manufacturing, engineering, vehicle industry, electricity and gas supply and construction. Due to capital investment required in many industry sectors, markets tend to be dominated by a small number of very large companies. This is particularly noticeable in areas of manufacturing that require major capital funding and investment (e.g. ship building and manufacture of chemicals). It should be noted that this does not mean all manufacturers operate on vast scale. In the case of specialist engineering companies, they can be quite numerous, small in size and widely dispersed.
Made up of organisations that buy products and services in order to resell them e.g. wholesalers, retailers, hotels and restaurants, transport, storage, communications, financial institutions, estate agents and letting. This covers a very diverse collection of organisations and as a result company size and market sector structures vary considerably.
Consists of government agencies and bodies that buy goods and services to carry out specific functions and provide particular services e.g. public administration, education, health services, armed forces, community, social and personal services activities. Government agencies control vast funds of public money generated from direct and indirect taxation. In many instances purchasing requirements exceed those of large private commercial organisations.
Chaffey, D. and Ellis-Chadwick, F., 2012. Digital marketing: strategy, implementation and practice (Vol. 5). Harlow: Pearson.